Community Care have a short report about figures were published yesterday by the NHS which indicate that there has been an increase in detentions under the Mental Health Act over the last year.
As the article says
The numbers of people being detained under the Mental Health Act rose by 1,692 in the last financial year according to figures published by the NHS information centre.
The 3.5% increase brings the total people detained under the act to just under 50,000 in one year and represents the largest increase in three years.
The total numbers admitted to hospital also increased to 30,774 in 2009-10, a 7.3% increase from 2008-9. The rise was attributed to an increase in admissions to NHS hospitals, while previous increases have been driven by private sector treatment.
I thought it would be an interesting point to consider as, on an incredibly unscientific basis, I can say that I have been personally busier as regards making applications for detentions under the Mental Health Act in the last year than I was in the previous year.
It’s ironic considering we’ve had a number of wards closing in our Trust and the number of beds available has decreased.
The reason? Again, I repeat this is completely based on my own experience but I’d put it down to the impact of the Mental Capacity Act 2005 and particularly the provision of the Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards. This has led to a massive increase in the amounts of assessments I’ve been asked to complete for people who might previously have been informal patients in psychiatric wards who lack capacity to consent to admission or treatment.
Of course, this group of people should probably have been brought under the auspices of the Mental Health Act previously, on the basis of meeting the criteria for detention and despite all the perceptions and stigma associated with ‘being sectioned’, personally, I think the legal processes allow for much better protection of the individual than ‘being an informal patient’. There are various issues about how ‘voluntary’ an admission can be if someone has the threat of a potential compulsory detention hanging over their head but if there is a question of them being stopped from leaving, it has to be a strong consideration.
There is a greater awareness of issues of capacity now and that one doesn’t have to be rattling the door down and repeating ‘I want to go home’ every five minutes to be objecting to ones detention on a psychiatric ward.
There is also the sticky s117 issue which had allowed some consultants and Trusts to ‘dodge the bullet’ on making recommendations for compulsory detentions when really they might have.
s117 of the Mental Health Act ensures that the NHS remains responsible for any aftercare services provided. That may include residential and/or nursing care costs which can rack up to thousands of pounds fairly quickly.
Guidance has changed over the past few years (due to case law clarifications) and we are told that we cannot now discharge the s117 responsibility if someone has dementia as it is not likely to improve and therefore the aftercare is provided free for life.
Now, I’m not saying that these potential high costs might have prevented some informal patients being admitted formally to wards but it is a massive potential cost.
The DoLs (Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards) have led to greater awareness and training on the wards in relation to the interaction of the Mental Health Act and the Mental Capacity Act. I’m not saying that is the sole reason for an increase in compulsory admissions on the wards as I am aware my experience, being particularly in the field of older adults, is an area where this matter is much more relevant to those who might work with adults of working age, but for me, it has been the key factor in the increase in applications for compulsory detentions that I, personally, have made.